Castra Batava] Passau II: The Alpine Forelands lie south of the Granite Plateau. Gypsy camp in Burgenland S of Vienna near Hungary. Labor Education Camp] Marianberger Komturia: Overland Town Vienna Bahamas: English controlled since Queen Elizabeth II head of state. Christopher Columbus encountered in
Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email More than people have died in a huge 7. More than people have been killed in Iran’s Kermanshah province on the Iraqi border, the provincial deputy governor told state television. And more than 5, have been injured in the massive tremor, which has been described as the “deadliest ever”. We hope the number of dead and injured won’t rise too much, but it will rise,” Mojtaba Nikkerdar said more than 60 of the victims were in the town of Sarpol-e Zahab, about 15 km 10 miles from the border.
Anadolu A building in Iran reduced to rubble from the earthquake tonight Image:
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Founded by a religious leader named Zoroaster, it preceded Judaism and Christianity, has links with Hinduism and may date back to before B. Zoroastrianism is believed to have developed among tribal-pastoral people living in the mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush and Seristan, a territory shared by Iran and Afghanistan. From northeast Iran it spread through the Persian Achaemenid Empire beginning around the 6th century B.
Zoroastrianism is credited with helping to unify various tribes that lived in Persia in the 6th century B. After the conquest of Alexander the Great, Greek and Semitic elements were added to the religion. The most famous Zoroastrians are perhaps the Three Wise men who visited the infant Jesus. Zoroastrianism remained a major religion until the Arab invasion in the 7th century when most Persians converted to Islam.
Under Muslim rule, Zoroastrians were persecuted and subjected to forced conversion. During this period many emigrated to India, where they became known as the Parsis.
Detour through Iraq: Kurdistan, Iraq
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Sulaymaniyah is a very young city. It was founded in by Ibrahim Pasha Baban, a Kurdish prince to be the capital of his principality. Since then it has been Iraqi Kurdistan’s cultural capital and home to philosophers, poets and writers.
Understand[ edit ] Having been spared the war of , Kurdistan-Iraq is a very different place from middle and southern Iraq. With a minimal level of terrorist activity and massive economic development, Kurdistan is fast becoming a “gateway to Iraq” with high levels of foreign investment and development of infrastructure and tourism. Be careful when discussing nationalist issues which many Kurds feel strongly about.
Also read up on the Al-Anfal campaign and chemical attack on the Kurds by Saddam Hussein to exterminate droves of Kurds in the late s – although this was over twenty years ago, the event coloured the last few decades of Kurdish history. There are several powerful reminders of it, such as the Amna Suraka prison in Suleymaniyah.
And be careful about calling a Kurd Iraqi because they don’t count themselves Iraqi, even though they are Iraqi citizens by records, they say kurds are from Kurdistan -the land of the Kurds- and not Iraq, and recently the president of Kurdistan was claiming to anounce the Kurdish State, which is a serious debate in the region. In Iraq, Kurds and Arabs are very different. They have a different language, different culture, different life style.
All living together in peace. In general, Kurdish people are very friendly, you can make friends with anybody and start talking to anyone on the street, so be open to new experiences. Most women do not go out alone and most women cover their hair although many do not and it is perfectly acceptable for foreigners not to do so. If you’re a woman it’s potentially not a good idea to go out after dark by yourself. Although the same can be said of any city its maybe slightly more true here than in some other places.
The best off-the-beaten-track adventures for 2013
The site was excavated between and by Iraqi archaeologists as part of a salvage operation to document cultural remains that would be flooded by Lake Dukan , the reservoir created by the Dukan Dam which was being built at that time. Apart from Tell Bazmusian, four other sites were excavated during this operation: Together with Tell Shemshara, it is one of the largest archaeological sites in the Ranya Plain. When the excavations started, the southeast flank of the mound was occupied by a village that was only established at the beginning of the 20th century.
The site is now submerged under Lake Dukan. The finds of level I consisted of a fragmented pebble foundations, ninth-century CE pottery and mudbricks.
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Tourism, Travel, Hospitality, Conservation: It was founded in by Ibrahim Pasha Baban, a Kurdish prince to be the capital of his principality. Its importance is not limited to Iraq, but for the whole of the Kurdistan region, which also encompasses parts of Turkey, Syria and Iran. Sulaimaniya is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan. The city was founded by Ibrahim Pasha in the year Slemani, as it is also known, attracted many Sorani-speaking Kurdish linguists and writers, and here Sorani literature was developed.
These writers and poets are today revered with statues and busts in many parks and squares around the city. There are many services per day and people from all over the world come to enjoy the most beautiful nature in Kurdistan The local population are known for being more open-minded and tolerant than in the rest of Kurdistan, and this is something I could perceive in the few days I spent in the area. Something that surprised me in Kurdistan, especially in Slemani, is that women seem to be more independent.
In the Arab world women tend to seem quieter, overshadowed by their male relatives when in public, and never start a conversation with a stranger.
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With Heathrow as an obvious hub – and further key international airports elsewhere in London and across the country – the globe is our metaphorical oyster. Departure boards click and whirr with the names of cities and destinations we can reach by direct flight – a constellation of superstar places which demand to be photographed, adored and Instagrammed.
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Their culture, appearance, and history are all unique. Sanadaj is also the jumping off point to Iraqi Kurdistan. Iraqi Kurdistan is a new state within Iraq which is also made up of Kurdish people, they are fiercely independent of the rest of Iraq. I set off from my hotel in Sanadaj in the early hours of the morning. From the capital, it takes only a few hours by minibus to reach the border.
Crossing the border was quite pleasant and simple. Leaving Iran is a cinch. On the Iraq side, you will be interviewed and if there are no issues, most nationalities will receive a day visa on arrival. My last, name having originated from the Middle East , prompted a few extra questions of concern, but ultimately, I was let in. The first thing I noticed about Iraq was how green it was. Leaving the border, I could see beautiful, green, rolling hills, and flocks of sheep being herded across them.
In the distance, large mountains dotted the skyline.
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Arsenal set to sign Aubameyang, United given boost, record City switch More than people have been killed and at least believed to have been injured by tremors in Iran’s Kermanshah province, according to state media, after a 7. Iran’s state-run IRNA news agency reported the death toll, with rescuers said to be stepping up efforts to find dozens trapped under rubble in both countries.
Kurdish health officials also said at least four people were killed in Iraq and there were 50 injured. The US Geological Survey said the epicentre was about 20 miles 32km southwest of the city of Halabjah and measured 7.
Oct 28, · کاوە و خەجێ یارییەکی کەلتوری کوردەوارەییە. لەگەڵ کەسایەتی کاوە و خەجێ یاری بکە و ئاشنابە بە چیرۆکی خۆشەویستیەکی راستەقینە لە چەندین شوێنی دیاری وەکو قەڵای هەولێر /5().
It dates back to the Old-Babylonian Period. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraq The region of Sulaymaniyah was known as Zamwa prior to the foundation of the modern city in At the time of the Babani’s rule there were major conflicts between the Safavid dynasty and the Ottoman Empire. Sulaiman Baba invaded Iran, defeating forces from the principality of Ardalan in Ardalan wrote an account of Kurdish history in Persian and was buried in Sulaymaniyah when he died in The Peshkawtin newspaper which was distributed in Sulaymaniyah in estimated its population to be around ten thousand.
According to Iraqi government documents, by the number of residents had increased to 23, ; by to , , and in to ,  Geography and climate[ edit ] Sulaymaniyah Panorama in September The city is located in northern Iraq.
The second rich archaeological museum… – Slemani Museum
Modern Iraq covers almost the same area as ancient Mesopotamia, which centered on the land between the Tigres and the Euphrates Rivers. Mesopotamia, also referred to as the Fertile Crescent, was an important center of early civilization and saw the rise and fall of many cultures and settlements. In the medieval era, Iraq was the name of an Arab province that made up the southern half of the modern-day country. In today’s Republic of Iraq, where Islam is the state religion and claims the beliefs of 95 percent of the population, the majority of Iraqis identify with Arab culture.
The second-largest cultural group is the Kurds, who are in the highlands and mountain valleys of the north in a politically autonomous settlement. The Kurds occupy the provinces of As Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk and Irbil, the area of which is commonly referred to as Kurdistan.
Photo Essay: Inside 7, Years of History at Erbil Citadel in Iraq. By Aaron in Iraq, Middle East , Photos. with its Roman ruins and massive mosques, dating back centuries, but even that is small potatoes in this part of the world. Let’s flash to Erbil (pronounced Air-beel.
The city is in the phase of transition from a usual city to a tourism city in every sense of the word.. Second biggest museum after the national museum in Baghdad. It is home to many Kurdish and ancient Persian artifacts dating back to — BC.. Kurdish for ” Red Intelligence Museum “, located in a former Ba’ath intelligence headquarters and prison, it draws particular attention to the Ba’ath regime’s brutal treatment of local Kurds..
Visitors are guided through the prisons and interrogation rooms. The museum features many Soviet era armored fighting vehicles.. Open year round, it displays the works of the artists of the city. It is run by ” Rostam Aghala “, a well known modern Kurdish artist..
Craiova? Pardubice? Sulaymaniyah? 17 obscure cities you can fly to direct from Britain
Date in the current year: Sulaymaniyah sometimes also spelled Suleimaniah or Suleymania is one of the largest cities in Iraqi Kurdistan and its cultural capital. The present-day city was founded in , but its ties to Kurdish culture are much older. One of the earliest known texts in the Kurdish language was found here in the 7th century. In the beginning of the 20th century, Sulaymaniyah was an important center of Kurdish nationalism in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Following the proclamation of the Kingdom of Kurdistan in , Sulaymaniyah was its capital until the collapse of the short-lived state in
I saw bits of this in Istanbul , with its Roman ruins and massive mosques, dating back centuries, but even that is small potatoes in this part of the world. The massive Erbil Citadel dominates the skyline, with every street in the city radiating from its center. The citadel sits atop a tell, or a mound comprised of layers of many generations of human settlement. The center of historic Erbil. A mini city unto itself, though the streets along the crumbling mud-brick houses are quiet these days.
The citadel is now a ghost town. Closed for renovations in , all but one family were evicted as to maintain its record for being continuously inhabited. A visit to Erbil Citadel starts at the large bazaar at its base. Many of the side streets are currently roped off, their structures being gussied up in hopes of one day becoming a World Heritage Site. In the meantime, visitors can currently traverse the main street leading to the historic Mula Afandi Mosque, where the friendly Imam showed my friend and I around, even taking us up on the roof for some panoramic views of the closed-off streets.
As we got to talking to the Imam, he told us he was a Sufi , a mystical branch of Islam, and that his family had resided in the citadel for many generations, pointing out the house his father had once lived in.